What is a comprehensive eye exam?
During your visit we will:
Address any concerns about your eyes and vision
Detailed medical, family, and ocular history
-Including medications and allergies
-Many systemic conditions and medications can directly affect your eyes and vision including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, autoimmune disorders, and more.
-This is a measurement of the smallest letters you can read on an eye chart at a specific distance and is performed one eye at a time.
-By shining light in your eyes we can see how quickly the pupil responds to light, this allows us to see how the eyes are communicating with the brain.
-This test evaluates how the eye is functioning and communicating to the visual cortex in the brain. Decreased peripheral vision can be symptom of glaucoma.
-Also known as ocular motility, is a test to determine of how well your extra-ocular muscles are working.
-This will help determine whether or not you need corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses. When an eyeball is too short or too long or the cornea has too much or too little curvature it will result in light not being in perfect focus on the retina causing blurry vision. While measurements of the eye give doctors a starting point for your prescription, seeing also involves your brain so patients input on “which is better 1 or 2” can help determine the best prescription for your eyes and brain to see clear and comfortably.
-This test typically involves a yellow-green drop and a blue light. The measure of intraocular pressure helps determine if you are at an increased risk for developing glaucoma.
Anterior ocular health
-A special microscope that allows for evaluation of the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, tear film, iris, lens, and anterior chamber. This instrument allows us to look for signs of dry eye, allergies, blepharitis, cataracts, etc.
-Dilating drops increase the size of the pupil and allow your doctor to evaluate the health of the retina and optic nerve. Without dilation only a limited portion of the retina can be seen. The drops will temporarily make you more light sensitive and affect your focusing system which can cause blurry near vision for a few hours. Arrange transportation for your appointment if you are concerned about driving after dilation.
Posterior ocular health
-A thorough examination of the retina, optic nerve and blood vessels can help detect diseases like glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, hypertension and more.
-Additional testing such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus photos, and visual fields can aid in diagnosis of ocular and neurological diseases . Early detection is often crucial for better visual outcomes.